Racial Equity Resource Guide


Breaking the Rules: A Statewide Study of How School Discipline Relates to Students’ Success and Juvenile Justice Involvement

Organization: The Council of State Governments Justice Center

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“Breaking the Rules: A Statewide Study of How School Discipline Relates to Students’ Success and Juvenile Justice Involvement” is a research report designed to improve policymakers’ understanding of who is suspended and expelled from public secondary schools and the impact of those removals on students’ academic performance and juvenile justice system involvement. The findings of the report detail the results of an analysis of millions of school and juvenile records in Texas.

Using a groundbreaking approach, the researchers were able to control for more than 80 variables, effectively isolating the impact that independent factors had on the likelihood of a student’s being suspended and expelled and on the relationship between these disciplinary actions and a student’s academic performance or juvenile justice involvement.

The report begins with a summary of the methodology used to analyze student, school campus and juvenile justice records in Texas, followed by a description of the Texas school disciplinary systems, including the legal framework and key terms to help readers understand which behaviors are likely to result in specific types of school action. The centerpiece of the report is in six findings, each containing an overview of the issue that the researchers explored and a concise description of the approach they used to analyze relevant data.

Related Organizations

The Council of State Governments Justice Center

The Council of State Governments Justice Center is a national nonprofit organization that serves policymakers at the local, state and federal levels from all branches of government.

Tagged with: Organization Alliance, Research For Action, Professional Development, Addressing Laws, Policy and Justice, Maryland, New York, Texas, Washington, Washington DC

Related Resources

The School Discipline Consensus Report: Strategies from the Field to Keep Students Engaged in School and Out of the Juvenile Justice System

The School Discipline Consensus Report was designed to be a guide for officials in education, health, law enforcement and juvenile justice and their partners in schools and communities across the nation committed to using collaborative approaches to

Tagged with: Media and Communications, Racial Healing, Addressing Laws, Policy and Justice, Health & Family, Select Papers / Booklets

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